Pongal Date, Significance and Shubh Muhurat

Pongal Date, Significance and Shubh Muhurat


Makar Sankranti marks the movement of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Makar (Capricorn) as it travels on its path. In Northern India, it is celebrated as Lohri by Sikhs, in Tamil Nadu it is known as Pongal, and in Assam as Bihu. It is celebrated as the commencement of summer and the auspicious six months period called Uttarayan. Dedicated to the Hindu God Surya (Sun), this festival is about expression of their gratitude to nature and its abundant resources.

In Tamil Nadu, Pongal is celebrated for four days in the Thai month of Tamil Calendar (January-February). It is celebrated in Tamil Nadu as a harvest festival for crops like rice, sugarcane, turmeric, etc.

Date, Time and Shubh Muhurat

Pongal will be celebrated from 14th January to 17th January in 2020. 15th of January will be considered the main date for Pongal.

Makar Sankranti Punya Kala: 07:15 AM to 05:46 PM

Makar Sankranti Maha Punya Kala: 07:15 AM to 09:00 AM

Makar Sankranti Moment: 02:22 AM


Tamilians believe that this festival will take away all their family problems. Celebrated in the month of Thai of Tamil Calendar, this period is considered auspicious for weddings as the saying goes ‘Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum’ which means that this month will bring new opportunities along with joy and happiness.


The legend behind Pongal says that Lord Shiv had sent his bull ‘Nandi’ to the earth to ask everyone to take bath daily after oil massage and eat their meal only once in the month but Nandi instead conveyed to have the oil massage and bath once in a month and eat their meal daily. Angry Lord Shiva cursed him to live on the earth forever. Nandi was given the task of ploughing fields and helping people to produce more crops. This has led to the belief of relating this day to cattles and harvest of crops for the next cycle.


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